Monday, 18 August 2014

Wargaming - British Intervention Force 1862

Since Perry Miniatures have introduced a "British Intervention Force" range, it behoves someone to make an orbat. So here one is.

They look awfully pretty.


One suspects the main use will be for skirmish battles, but here I will provide a general orbat for the full five corps army.

Stucture: Five Army Corps?

Yes, five army corps. However the British conception of an army corps was smaller than a Prussian one at only ca. 12,000 bayonets, 1,500 sabres and 48 guns, divided mainly into two infantry divisions and a cavalry brigade. The cavalry brigades would in practice be consolidated into cavalry divisions of 2 or 3 brigades.

In this case one is assuming of the five corps one will be based at each of the five Imperial garrisons thus:

Lower Canada Field Force
1st Corps at Montreal
2nd Corps at Quebec

Upper Canada Field Force
3rd Corps at Kingston or Toronto
4th Corps at Toronto or London

New Brunswick Field Force
5th Corps thrusting at Portland, Maine (in conjunction with an amphibious division at Bermuda)

I've already posted the fortification plan here, but the troops there were largely to be militia, with regulars providing the main field armies.

Where are the Canadians?

Good question. Since the Canadians were never fully called up it is difficult to tell. However the 20th December 1861 callout of 45,000 volunteers from the militia in addition to at least 5,000 men in the active militia would give then some 50,000 in Canada proper. There were a number of officers dispatched as brigadiers for these militia list in Hart's 1862 Army List.

Cavalry Brigades
Col. Alexander Low
Maj. Taylor Lambard Mayne

Infantry Brigades
Col. Charles F. Fordyce
Lt. Col Austustus H. Lane Fox
Lt. Col. Henry Ralph Browne
Lt. Col Henry Hope Crealock
Lt. Col. Thomas Ross
Lt. Col. Edward Newdigate
Lt. Col. Alexander Taylor
Maj. Charles F. Torrens Daniell
Maj. FitzWilliam F. Hunter
Maj. John Wimburn Laurie 

Artillery Brigades
Lt. Col. G.B. Shakespear
Lt. Col. R.F. Mountain

So initially the Canadians field 2 cavalry brigades, 10 infantry brigades and attached artillery. I have not added this below due to a state of flux, but it is perhaps best to add a Canadian infantry brigade to each infantry division with the following stats:

Canadian Brigade (M4, PT, PM) OOOOOO

This would leave two extra Canadian brigades, which would best strengthen the Niagara frontier. As things progress Canada would be expected to provide another tranche of the same.

The two cavalry brigades would best be placed in divisions with two British brigades. Their stats would be:

Canadian Mounted Rifles Brigade (M4, Mounted Rifles, BLC) OOO

In the Maritimes it's pretty easy to form two Canadian type infantry brigades, one from Nova Scotia and another from New Brunswick and the PEI battalion. They're likely to also field a cavalry brigade based around the New Brunswick Yeomanry.

Stats - How Where They Decided?

Assuming the Americans of both flavours are largely M4, PT, PM with percussion smoothbores (+1 die, but 2" range), then these are reasonable. Note the RM(T) is not a rating in the VnB boxed set. The British regular is much better trained, and the easiest way to simulate this is partially the general rating of sharpshooter, but this alone restricts the British too much. To stay within the rules it is easiest to just declare the British have the equivalent of Cartridge Rifles, complete with the ability to go prone and the repulsing charges bonus.

The Canadians should be rated identically to the Americans.

The British artillery is considered Advanced Rifled.

Balance

There has been no attempt at balance. Merely an interpretation of what was. Yes, the British will frankly blow away any similar sized American formation, but if you use points then of course the Federal army will be a lot bigger due to the expense of British formations.

Points (rounded to nearest 5)
British regular brigade: 275 points
Federal volunteer brigade: 70 points

In a balanced game the Federals would be fielding a corps for every British division!

Exhaustion

Set at 60%. 

The Order of Battle



British Army of Canada – May 1862

FM The Duke of Cambridge (AC)

Army Artillery Reserve
Maj Gen Richard Dacres (DC)
1st Siege Battalion (M6, Rifled Siege) OO
2nd Siege Battalion (M6, Rifled Siege) OO
3rd Siege Battalion (M6, Rifled Siege) OO
4th Siege Battalion (M6, Rifled Siege) OO
5th Siege Battalion (M6, Rifled Siege) OO


1st Army Corps (Montreal)
Lt Gen Sir William J Codrington (CC)


1st Infantry Division
Lt Gen (Local) JR Craufurd (DC)
1st Brigade (M6, Shock, SS, RM(T), fully skirmishers) OOOOOO
(Maj Gen Lord Frederick Paulet; 1/Grenadier Gds, 1/Coldstream Gds and 2/ Scots Fusilier Gds) – from London (Fleet Guards Brigade)

2nd Brigade (M6, Shock, SS, RM(T), fully skirmishers) OOOOOO
(Maj Gen RP Douglas; 55th, 62nd and 63rd) – from Nova Scotia and Jersey


2nd Infantry Division (DC)
Lt Gen (Local) William Fenwick Williams (DC)
1st Brigade (M6, Shock, SS, RM(T), fully skirmishers) OOOOOO
(Maj Gen David Russell; 30th, 47th and 1/Rifle Brigade) – reinforced Canada in Summer ‘61
2nd Brigade (M6, Shock, SS, RM(T), fully skirmishers) OOOOOO
(Maj Gen Randall Rumley; 1/16th, 1/17th and 4/60th Rifles) – existing garrison


1st Cavalry Brigade (M6, Heavy, Shock, BLC) OOO
(Maj Gen Lawrenson; Household Cavalry Regiment, 5th DG and 5th L)


1st Corps Artillery
1st Division Battalion (M6, Rifled Heavy) OO
2nd Division Battalion (M6, Rifled Heavy) OO
Corps Reserve Battalion (M6, Rifled Heavy) OO
1st Horse Battalion (M6, Rifled Field) OO


2nd Army Corps (Quebec)
Lt Gen Pennefather (CC)


1st Division
Maj Gen Arthur, Duke of Wellington (DC)
1st Brigade (M6, Shock, SS, RM(T), fully skirmishers) OOOOOO
(Maj Gen Brooke Taylor; 1/2nd, 29th and 61st) – from Aldershot
2nd Brigade (M6, Shock, SS, RM(T), fully skirmishers) OOOOOO
(Brig Gen WG Brown; 1/8th, 53rd and 78th) – from Aldershot


2nd Division

Maj Gen Sir Richard Airey (DC)
1st Brigade (M6, Shock, SS, RM(T), fully skirmishers) OOOOOO
(Maj Gen George TC Napier 2/20th, 1/60th Rifles and 84th) – from Aldershot
2nd Brigade (M6, Shock, SS, RM(T), fully skirmishers) OOOOOO

(Maj Gen Henry Eyre; 1/5th, 2/18th and 73rd) – from Portsmouth and Plymouth

2nd Cavalry Brigade (M6, Shock, Lancers, BLC) OOO
(Maj Gen Lord Paget; 9th L, 12th L and 16th L)


2nd Corps Artillery
1st Division Battalion (M6, Rifled Heavy) OO
2nd Division Battalion (M6, Rifled Heavy) OO
Corps Reserve Battalion (M6, Rifled Heavy) OO
2nd Horse Battalion (M6, Rifled Field) OO


3rd Army Corps (Kingston)
Gen George Brown (CC)


1st Division
Maj Gen Henry E Breton (DC)
1st Brigade (M6, Shock, SS, RM(T), fully skirmishers) OOOOOO
(Maj Gen Lord William Paulet ; 1/24th, 49th and 2/60th Rifles) – from Portsmouth
2nd Brigade (M6, Shock, SS, RM(T), fully skirmishers) OOOOOO
(Maj Gen WN Hutchinson; 32nd, 37th and 73rd) – from Plymouth


2nd Division
Maj Gen CW Ridley (DC)
1st Brigade (M6, Shock, SS, RM(T), fully skirmishers) OOOOOO
(Brig Gen The Hon. Alexander Gordon; 2/19th, 58th and 87th) – from the Curragh
2nd Brigade (M6, Shock, SS, RM(T), fully skirmishers) OOOOOO
(Maj Gen AT Hemphill; 1/11th, 2/21st and 45th) – from Dublin


3rd Cavalry Brigade (M6, Heavy, Shock, BLC)
(Brig Gen GW Key; 4th DG, 11 H and 15 H)


3rd Corps Artillery
1st Division Battalion (M6, Rifled Heavy) OO
2nd Division Battalion (M6, Rifled Heavy) OO
Corps Reserve Battalion (M6, Rifled Heavy) OO
3rd Horse Battalion (M6, Rifled Field) OO


4th Army Corps (Toronto)
Lt Gen (Local) Sir James Yorke Scarlett (CC)


1st Division
Maj Gen Sir George Buller (DC)
1st Brigade (M6, Shock, SS, RM(T), fully skirmishers) OOOOOO
(Maj Gen Sir JEW Inglis; 2/2nd, 2/3rd and 2/7th Fusiliers) – from Gibraltar
2nd Brigade (M6, Shock, SS, RM(T), fully skirmishers) OOOOOO
(Brig Gen Atherley; 2/4th, 2/6th and 1/9th) – from Ionian Islands


2nd Division
Maj Gen Sir J Gaspard le Marchant (DC)
1st Brigade (M6, Shock, SS, RM(T), fully skirmishers) OOOOOO
(Maj Gen HK Bloomfield; 2/12th, 36th and 86th) – from Dublin, Cork and Kilkenny
2nd Brigade (M6, Shock, SS, RM(T), fully skirmishers) OOOOOO
(Maj Gen EWF Walker; 2/1st, 26th and 76th) – from Scotland and Manchester


4th Cavalry Brigade
(Brig Gen Edward C. Hodge; 6th DG, 1st D and 2nd D)

4th Corps Artillery
1st Division Battalion (M6, Rifled Heavy) OO
2nd Division Battalion (M6, Rifled Heavy) OO
Corps Reserve Battalion (M6, Rifled Heavy) OO
4th Horse Battalion (M6, Rifled Field) OO


5th Army Corps (Maritime Colonies and Maine)
Lt Gen Sir George Augustus Wetherall (CC)


1st Infantry Division
Maj Gen Hastings Doyle (DC)
1st Brigade (M6, Shock, SS, RM(T), fully skirmishers) OOOOOO
(Brig Gen Henry Bates; 1/15th, 2/16th and 2/17th) – already at Halifax, NS

2nd Brigade (M6, Shock, SS, RM(T), fully skirmishers) OOOOOO
(Maj Gen Sir Robert Walpole; 2/15th, 1/22nd and 4th Rifle Brigade) – from Malta

2nd Infantry Division
Maj Gen the Hon. AA Dalzel (DC) 
1st Brigade (M6, Shock, SS, RM(T), fully skirmishers) OOOOOO
(Brig Gen John Garvock; 1/3rd, 59th, 64th) – from Dover and London

2nd Brigade (M6, Shock, SS, RM(T), fully skirmishers) OOOOOO
(Brig Gen William Sutton; 1/10th, 2/25th and 96th) – from Shorncliffe


5th Cavalry Brigade
(Brig Gen John C Hope Gisbone; 4th H, 14th H and 18th H)


5th Corps Artillery
1st Division Battalion (M6, Rifled Heavy) OO
2nd Division Battalion (M6, Rifled Heavy) OO
Corps Reserve Battalion (M6, Rifled Heavy) OO
2nd Horse Battalion (M6, Rifled Field) OO




Amphibious Division (Based at Bermuda)
Maj Gen Antony B. Stransham
1st Brigade (M6, Shock, SS, RM(T), fully skirmishers) OOOOOO
(Maj Gen Hon James Lindsay; 3/ Grenadier Guards, 39th and 100th)
Royal Marine Brigade (M6, Shock, SS, RM(T), fully skirmishers) OOOOOO
(Col Comdt (Brig Gen) Alexander Anderson; 1st, 2nd and 3rd Battalions of Royal Marine Light Infantry)
Division Artillery (M6, Rifled Heavy) OO

1 comment:

Bill Owen said...

Help to explain your back-story justification because I consulted an expert and this is what he said: "Given the high levels of anti-slavery sentiment in almost every level of British society, it would have been almost impossible for a British government to intervene in the American Civil War on the side of the Confederacy. In Britain, the war was seen as one about slavery, and the Confederacy was not popular due to their fighting to preserve slavery. A British government that tried to send troops to aid the Confederates would not have lasted long. On the other hand, the French could have sent a force to help the Confederates. The French didn’t need Confederate cotton, but they needed a war to take public attention away from internal economic problems, which is why the French sent troops to Mexico."